Avani uses wild silk (as opposed to cultivated silk) in its products. This means that the silk cocoons are collected in the wild, from local plant species.
Silk yarns vary in their method of production. A yarn that is reeled with machines uses un-pierced silk cocoons, in which the cocoon is steam boiled to kill the pupa. This is done to stop the emergence of the moth, which would have pierced the cocoon if natural processes were allowed to occur. In our case, we allow the pupa to metamorphose into a moth then hand spin the silk to make Ahmisa Silk, or non-violent silk. The moth pierces the cocoon to escape, breaking the strands of the cocoon, and resulting in fiber that needs to be spun by hand. Ahimsa Silk is used in all our products, with the exception of some muga silk.
HAND-SPUN TUSSAR SILK
Originally, tribal communities collected the cocoons of tussar silk in the forests of Central and Eastern India. Avani purchases tussar silk yarn from other parts of the country, supporting the livelihood of many Indian spinners. Tussar silk has a unique, pebbly texture and is naturally beige in color.
HAND-SPUN ERI SILK
The cocoons of eri silk are collected in the wild from castor plants in local villages. Alternatively, eri silk worms are fed on leaves picked from these castor plants. Eri silk is always hand spun (thus non-violent), and is unique in its natural insulating properties.
HAND AND MACHINE-SPUN MUGA SILK
Muga is the most expensive and the finest of India’s wild silks. It is collected from the forests in the Northeast, where its host trees, Litchia polyantha and Michelis bombacina, are found. It is naturally gold in color, with an extremely rich texture. The yield of muga silk is very low, making it extremely expensive. Aside from our hand-spun muga silk, we also purchase reeled muga silk from producers in Assam to meet our production demands.